Did you know that female bed bugs can lay up to 500 eggs in their lifetime, with each egg hatching in about 6 to 10 days, contributing to their rapid population growth? At this rate, it can be nearly impossible to curtail a bed bug infestation once it has been allowed to spread. 

Whether you’re currently facing an infestation or not, these tiny pests can easily go unnoticed, making it essential for homeowners in Maryland to stay vigilant. 

In this article, we will explore the signs of a bed bug infestation, their elusive nature, and the best methods of bed bug control to get rid of them from your home.

How to Identify Bed Bugs

Bed bugs in Maryland have a distinct appearance, with mahogany-colored circular bodies measuring approximately ¼ of an inch in length. 

They have two antennae on their tiny heads and six legs. Although they have a midsection, it may be challenging to notice due to their body shape. The bottom part of their bodies is significantly larger than the rest. 

You may also encounter a few pearly white eggs and translucent young bed bugs during an infestation.

Some more common signs of a bed bug infestation include:

  • Bites and Welts: Red, itchy bites or welts on the skin, often in a line or clustered pattern, can be a common sign of bed bug presence.
  • Blood Stains: Small bloodstains on sheets, pillowcases, or clothing may result from accidentally crushing a bed bug while sleeping.
  • Dark Spots: Black or brown stains on mattresses, furniture, or walls indicate bed bug fecal matter.
  • Musty Odor: A distinct, sweet, yet musty odor may be present in areas with a significant bed bug infestation.
  • Shed Skins: Bed bugs shed their exoskeletons as they grow, leaving behind translucent, empty skins.
  • Tiny Eggs: Bed bug eggs are pearly white and about the size of a pinhead, often found in clusters or hidden in cracks and crevices.
  • Live Bed Bugs: Spotting live bed bugs, typically reddish-brown in color and about the size of an apple seed, clearly indicates an infestation.
  • Small Reddish Stains: After feeding on a host, bed bugs may leave behind small, reddish stains on bed linens or clothing.
  • Bite Patterns: Bed bug bites tend to be in exposed areas of the body, such as the face, arms, neck, and hands.
  • Presence of Bed Bug Excrement: Bed bugs produce reddish-brown excrement, which can be seen on surfaces or on the bedding.

Recognizing these signs early on can help take control and eliminate bed bug infestations.

Where Do Bed Bugs Hide in Your Home?

While bed bugs are easy to spot if you wake up with an arm full of bite marks, these creatures are actually very skilled at finding hiding spots in our homes. 

In general, they tend to frequent places tended by humans and animals, such as schools, offices, and airports. When you’re out and about, they can easily hitch a ride on your clothes or bags and be unknowingly transported into your home. However, once inside, they can hide in various items and locations, including:

  • Electronics
  • Upholstery
  • Flooring
  • Fabrics
  • Electrical sockets
  • Mattresses
  • Wood trim
  • Couches
  • Appliances
  • Wallpaper

Therefore, conducting a thorough bed bug inspection is key to keeping your home free from bed bugs after treatment. 

How to Prevent Bed Bugs

The best way to get rid of bed bugs is to prevent them in the first place. Here are some bed bug prevention tips:

  • Elevate Belongings in Public Spaces: When in public areas, keep your belongings above the floor and away from other people’s items to minimize the risk of picking up bed bugs.
  • Inspect Hotel Rooms: Before settling into a hotel room, inspect headboards, footboards, box springs, and mattresses with a flashlight. If you discover bed bugs, request to be moved to a different room.
  • Secure Your Luggage: Use plastic bags and protective covers to seal your luggage while traveling to prevent bed bugs from infesting your belongings.
  • Laundry Precautions: Wash your travel clothes in hot water and use high heat to dry them thoroughly. Additionally, regularly inspect your laundry piles, drawer interiors, furniture, and bags for any signs of bed bugs.
  • Be Cautious with Secondhand Items: Thoroughly inspect secondhand items before purchasing them to ensure they are free from bed bugs.

15 Tips to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

However, if you find bed bugs in your home, it is time to act fast. Here are some tips to get rid of bed bugs in your home. 

  1. Reduce clutter: Clear any clutter in your home as it provides hiding spots for bed bugs, making it harder to eliminate them.
  2. Wash and dry bedding: Strip your bed of all sheets, pillowcases, and covers. Wash them in hot water (at least 60°C/140°F) and dry them on high heat to kill any bed bugs or eggs.
  3. Vacuum regularly: Vacuum your mattress, box springs, bed frames, and all surrounding areas thoroughly. Use a brush attachment to dislodge eggs and nymphs. Dispose of the vacuum bag in a sealed plastic bag outside your home immediately.
  4. Encase your mattress and box springs: Encase both your mattress and box springs with bed bug-proof covers to trap any remaining bed bugs and prevent new infestations.
  5. Isolate your bed: Move your bed away from walls and furniture, ensuring there’s no direct contact. This reduces potential hiding spots for bed bugs to access you during sleep.
  6. Inspect and treat furniture: Check all furniture, especially around seams, crevices, and joints, for bed bugs. Consider using bed bug-specific insecticides or consult a professional for furniture treatments.
  7. Steam treatment: Steam-clean your mattress, furniture, and carpets. High-temperature steam effectively kills bed bugs and their eggs.
  8. Use diatomaceous earth (DE): Apply food-grade diatomaceous earth in cracks, crevices, and other potential hiding spots. DE is a natural substance that dehydrates and kills bed bugs.
  9. Natural repellents: Consider using essential oils like lavender, tea tree, or peppermint, as some believe they may deter bed bugs. However, their effectiveness may vary, and they should not be solely relied upon for complete eradication.
  10. Monitor with traps: Place bed bug traps or interceptors under your bed legs to detect and monitor bed bug activity.
  11. Avoid moving infested items: Refrain from moving items from an infested room to other parts of your home to prevent the spread of bed bugs.
  12. Seal cracks and crevices: Caulk or seal gaps in walls, baseboards, and other areas to minimize potential hiding spots for bed bugs.
  13. Wash and heat-treat clothing: Wash and dry infested clothing on high heat and dry on high heat for at least 30 minutes to kill bed bugs and their eggs.
  14. Avoid DIY pesticides: Over-the-counter pesticides are often ineffective and may even exacerbate the problem by causing bed bugs to disperse.
  15. Consult a professional: If your efforts do not resolve the infestation, or if it’s a severe case, contact a licensed pest control professional with experience in dealing with bed bugs.

For effective and long-lasting bed bug treatment in Maryland, seek professional assistance from Pest Czar. Our skilled technicians can provide detailed instructions on how to check for bed bugs and utilize safe and powerful treatments, such as Aprehend, to eradicate them. Contact us today for a free quote and regain control of your home from bed bugs.


What are the signs of a bed bug infestation?

Signs of a bed bug infestation include red, itchy bites on the skin, bloodstains on sheets, dark spots on mattresses, a distinct musty odor, shed skins, tiny pearly white eggs, live bed bugs, and small reddish stains left after feeding.

Where do bed bugs hide in homes?

Bed bugs can hide in various places in homes, including electronics, upholstery, flooring, fabrics, electrical sockets, mattresses, wood trim, couches, appliances, and wallpaper.

How can I prevent bed bugs?

To prevent bed bugs, elevate belongings in public spaces, inspect hotel rooms before settling in, secure luggage with plastic bags while traveling, wash travel clothes in hot water, be cautious with secondhand items, and regularly inspect your home for any signs of bed bugs.

What are some tips to get rid of bed bugs in my home?

Some tips to get rid of bed bugs in your home include reducing clutter, washing and drying bedding on high heat, vacuuming regularly, encasing your mattress and box springs, isolating your bed, inspecting and treating furniture, using steam treatment and diatomaceous earth, considering natural repellents and traps, sealing cracks and crevices, and seeking professional help if needed.

How can Pest Czar assist with bed bug treatment in Maryland?

Pest Czar’s skilled technicians can provide detailed instructions on checking for bed bugs and utilize safe and powerful treatments like Aprehend to effectively eradicate bed bugs. Our Czar Guard also includes plans for year-round bed bug protection. 


Get a Free Quote